Winter Olympics Special | “Dancing on toes” and “Dancing on Blades” frozen

2022-05-10 0 By

Figure skating is undoubtedly one of the most eye-catching events in the Winter Olympics.Figure skating brings to mind a host of household names — Shen Xue, Zhao Hongbo, Yuzuru Hanyu, Plushenko, and the Russian “Children” — as well as aerial leaps that whirl like clouds.In fact, until the 18th century, skating in Europe, the birthplace of modern figure skating, had neither elegant shapes nor melodious music.Later as the single and pairs skating “label” twist jump, was not yet born.The purpose of ice jumping is simply to avoid obstacles, jump over branches, and jump over the top of a hat.What prompted skating to evolve into modern figure skating, from purely skating on ice to something that was both technical and artistic?One of the answers may have to do with the art of the pointe: ballet.As early as 3000 BC in Scandinavia, ancient people polished the bones of cows and horses, punched holes in the front and back ends, pierced the skins, tied the legs, and slid on the ice.Despite the early start, the development from skating to figure skating has gone through a long process.In the 13th and 14th centuries, the Dutch used wooden and iron blades to sharpen skates.By the 17th century, records show that King Charles II of England learned simple skating skills from the Dutch.In exchange, Charles II had English country dances taught to them.Skating was introduced to the French court during the reign of King Louis XVI of France.At that time, Novel, a famous reformer in the history of ballet and the standard-setter of “plot ballet”, was also a skating instructor and trained a skilled skater.During this period, roller skating was seen in the grand performances of the French court.There were also ice and snow sports in China. The Qing Dynasty was the golden age of ice and snow sports, and the royal court often carried out large-scale “ice play” activities.In general, until the 19th century, skating lacked ornamental or artistic qualities.Modern figure skating seems to be waiting for a turning point.The turning point of the upright I-spin came with the sudden birth of Jackson Haynes, an American.Born in New York in the 1840s, Jackson Haynes began his career as a ballet dancer.In his time, European dance companies often set up small groups to North America, including a representative of romantic ballet, the Austrian dancer Fanny Elsler.Fanny Elsler was so popular in the United States with plays like Giselle that members of Congress in Washington even postponed their meetings to see her.European performing groups represented by Fanny Elsler sowed the seeds of romantic ballet to North America.At that time, the young Jackson Haynes was fascinated by the artistic appeal of romantic ballet and tried to integrate the rich and beautiful techniques of ballet into skating.At that time, the “English” style of skating prevailed in the United States, which was standardized, rigorous, and rigid.The skater must draw various prescribed shapes on the ice with his skates.Jackson Haynes did not make waves in the United States by skating in a graceful, free manner, combined with ballet moves.Many people found his performance too theatrical to accept.Disheartened Jackson Haynes leaves his home country and sets foot on the Continent of Europe in search of a chance to shine.He revolutionized the skate blade by fixing it directly to the skates, and invented the “squat turn,” as well as ballet-inspired jumps.His performances were warmly received in England, France and Sweden, and he eventually rose to stardom in Vienna, Austria.When Jackson Haynes performed in Vienna in 1868, the audience couldn’t believe that such elegant skating could exist.His skating style was known as the “international style” and was widely spread.Before Jackson Haynes, skating had always been “silent movies,” without any sound.Jackson Haynes brought music to the sport, modeled after ballet.At the time when he lived in Europe, Europe just entered the era of waltz popularity, Johann Strauss and his son had written many popular waltzes, Johann Strauss The Blue Danube, was created before Jackson Haynes left for Vienna.Jackson Haynes assigned the triple beat of the waltz to the skate, pushing the ice in the “downbeat” to harmonize the slide with the music.Since then, music has become a necessary component of skidding.Sonja Heini, the New York City Ballet’s rendition of swan Lake alongside Jackson Haynes, also has a deep background in ballet.Tamara Kassamina, a famous Russian dancer, was one of the many famous teachers her father invited to teach her.Tamara Kassamina began his career as a member of the Russian Imperial Ballet and later served in the ballet company founded by the 20th century choreographer Georgev.At the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix in 1924, Sonja Heini was the youngest competitor.During that competition, she revolutionized her wardrobe, cutting skirts above the knee — like ballet attire — to give more range and width to skating routines.Sonja Heini, trained in systematic ballet, tried to add ballet’s spin method to figure skating.With The help of Sonja Heini, spin in figure skating took off during the two World wars, developing a fast, centered spin.Around the mid-to-late 1930s, the spins that are now common in figure skating were developed.Interestingly, Sonja Heni became a Hollywood star after her retirement, and her ice-themed films, which were released in Shanghai in the 1930s, sparked a skating craze.Jackson Haynes was the first to bring ballet moves to the rink, and later generations have followed suit, drawing inspiration from ballet.Those familiar with ballet will often see deja vu in the details of figure skating.The Axel jump, for example, is a very difficult step, similar to the Basque dance in ballet.Both kinds of jumps take off on one foot. The flowery floating foot is bent and collected. The legs of ballet form a triangular shape.In the air, arms toward the center of the torso.The difference is that, with the help of horizontal acceleration, the spin in the air is faster and has more turns.The notoriously difficult quadruple axel jump has been unlocked by Yuzuru Hanyu of Japan on the training ground.Unfortunately, yuzuru Hanyu fell while doing this in the free skate at the Winter Olympics.One of the signature moves of Yuzuru Hanyu of Japan, “Bow down,” ballet legs are complicated and varied, with an emphasis on turning outward.In the competition, we can often see the sliding steps of the contestants, with toes open to the sides, resulting in a body posture similar to that of ballet.The “big word step”, “crab step” and “bauble step” in figure skating can be found in the corresponding “foot position” in ballet.When it comes to the “crab walk”, Russia’s Trusova demonstrated the highest level of skill, leaning back almost to the ground and possessing amazing control on the ice.Figure skating programs can be roughly divided into three categories: jumping, rotating and sliding steps. In addition to the corresponding scores on the movement level, there is also the artistic evaluation on the aesthetic level.According to the INTERNATIONAL Skating Federation’s criteria for the merits of figure skating, a complete jump must have “long lines, good height, and good posture.”This reflects the aesthetic value orientation of light and beautiful style behind.Light and beautiful aesthetic, associated with Jackson Haynes.Before him, figure skating was often seen as a juggling act that had little to do with today’s cool body and posture.Turn your attention back to Jackson Haynes’ active years, when romantic ballet was at its highest and most influential.From the court social dance and opera dance, ballet has been transformed into elegant and beautiful aesthetic purport.”The Fairy” and “Giselle”, the peak works of romantic ballet, set off the artistic trend of “white dress ballet” and gained numerous fans.Jackson Haynes naturally incorporated the grace and freedom of romantic ballet into figure skating when he combined ballet movements with skating techniques.Nowadays, the audience can roughly judge a figure skater by how light and smooth his movements are.Together with the elegance and lightness of aesthetics, the pursuit of body aesthetics in ballet, as well as the characteristics of geometric movement modeling, have been incorporated into the aesthetics of figure skating.Watch the figure skating competition. Even in the simplest skating steps, the athletes show their upright posture, with their floating knees as straight as possible and their limbs stretching out.It is reminiscent of a series of detailed body aesthetics set out in ballet.And such as swallow slide, Alabeth and other fancy skating posture, is derived from ballet’s pursuit of geometric movements.It is well known that ballet’s body aesthetic has its roots in Renaissance European courts.The confident and high-spirited posture of the court aristocrats created the upright and upward shape in the dance.In addition, the court dance teachers represented by Italy at that time highly respected geometry and attached importance to proportion. They believed that geometry was the language of god and showed precise geometric modeling in dance, which was communication with god.In the second half of the 19th century, ice innovators grafted onto figure skating the deep aesthetic that ballet had accumulated since the Renaissance.Precisely because of the ballet, the ice skating movement has a “beautiful” sublimation.With the help of ballet aesthetics, skating has the attribute of artistic aesthetics, opening the “aesthetic distance” from ordinary movements in life.In contrast to speed skating, in order to pursue speed, lower the center of gravity and shrink the arm span to reduce air resistance.What governs body movements in figure skating is what Kant calls “purposeless purpose.”Many daring jumps begin with a balletic outspread of arms;When landing, it will keep the geometric shape and posture of ballet “Alabeth”, with long lines and graceful dancing.While spinning at five to seven revolutions per second, figure skaters struggle to maintain a proper body posture, which makes it difficult to create elaborate geometric shapes.Shen Xue and Zhao Hongbo of China, who won the gold medal in pairs skating at the 2004 World Championships in Canada, have a relaxed and comfortable movement on ice and are full of beauty.After the 20th century, the relationship between ballet and figure skating became more and more close.Many figure skaters hire ballet choreographers to help choreograph their routines.The former Soviet Union’s famous figure skating coach Maria Bakhamova once said that improving the level of ballet is of great importance to figure skating coaches and athletes.Ballet and figure skating have become so close that there are two fields of figure skating and ballet, each with top accomplished athletes and artists.Katherine Healy is one of them.At the Vienna State Ballet, she performed the Nutcracker with Vladimir Malakhov, the dancer of the century.On stage, Katherine Healy’s dance style is graceful and effortful.On the ice, Katherine Healy uses her flexibility from her long ballet training. Her “jump” stretches and soaring heights are amazing. Ballet routines and highlights have become the source of inspiration for her creative figure skating program.Like Healy, Chinese-American Chen Wei has emerged as the undisputed number one U.S. male figure skater with several recent world titles and a gold medal in Beijing.The world champion has had success in the theater and on the ice.Chen Wei studied ballet at occidental Ballet School in the United States for six years. He cooperated with excellent dancers of Occidental Ballet Company in the United States and performed the nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty and other classic ballets composed by Tchaikovsky.His figure skating program is graceful and free, full of balletic language.”La Traviata” by Shanghai Ballet company is a common figure skating program based on the ballet theme.For example, oksana Bayur, a famous former Ukrainian athlete, performed the Swan at the 1994 Winter Olympics.The show is adapted from the death of the Swan, a novel written by michel Foukin, a famous 20th century director.As soon as I appeared on the ice, the broken steps on the ice were like the toe steps of ballet dancers. In the soft melody of Saint Mulberry, the graceful arm movements and the pitiful manner were just like the ballet star Pavlova appearing on the ice.Another example is The Swan Lake performed by Elena Zagitwa in the Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games, which adopts Tchaikovsky’s classic symphony. At the opening, the swan shape of voldemort immediately brings people to the side of Swan Lake and reminds them of the beautiful swan princess Ojetta.Irina Zagitwa won the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics with her outstanding performance.In addition to the most famous “Swan Lake”, the ballet “Don Quixote”, “Carmen”, “Giselle”, “Gerberia”, “Sleeping Beauty”, “Dancer” and so on, have been adapted into figure skating.It was The Russian “Ice Prince” Plushenko who pushed the ballet theme to a new level of art.His figure skating show “Homage to Nijinsky” is a classic.Plushenko’s coach specially invited the Mariinsky theater’s choreographer to create a choreography for the program, and several modifications were made to complete the work.Nijinsky, known as the “eighth wonder of the world”, is still the subject of debate.In “Homage to Nijinsky”, Plushenko’s skating moves are combined with Nijinsky’s classic plays “The Arabian Nights”, “The Spirit of roses” and “The Afternoon of the Lupern”.In particular, nijinsky’s “Afternoon of the Lupern”, the epoch-making gesture of moving forward sideways, reproduced by Plushenko on the white ice rink, is still unique.The music is composed of three different pieces and parts of the Arabian Nights.Sometimes ethereal, sometimes uplifting melody, seems to be the portrayal of the artist’s psychology.Nijinsky was known for his perfect jumps and spins during his lifetime.Plushenko, skilful on the ice, was the perfect person to perform the dancer’s brilliant technique.In just four and a half minutes of free skating, the audience seemed to get a glimpse of Nijinsky’s glittering stage career and his life behind the scenes, which was plagued by mental illness.This work has achieved a high degree of artistic, technical unity, in the Russian championship, obtained an unprecedented full score, as the next generation can not be expected to follow the classic.Chinese pair skaters Han Cong and Sui Wenjing are inextricably linked with the development of ballet.For the first time in ballet, Marie Tarioni went on tiptoe. The sartorial reformer was Marie Camargo, who got rid of cumbersome skirts and high heels.In figure skating, the Jackson Haynes revolutionized skates to incorporate ballet moves, and Sonia Haynes revolutionized costumes for the first time.The purpose of Marie Tarioni’s technical innovation, in order to show the romantic style of the fairy ghost, pointe technology was established, which established the status of ballet “pointe art”.Figure skating, through the improvement of skates, skaters have a broad degree of freedom of ice movements, superb skills and artistic integration, so that figure skating has become such a popular “blade dance” around the world today.In the future, the relationship between ballet and figure skating, competition and art will continue, bringing more amazing and wonderful moments to the audience.Author: Lin Sheng (Assistant researcher of Shanghai Art Research Center) Editor: Zhou Minxian Responsible editor: Shao Ling *