All say Japanese kwantung Army strength is very strong, “Kwantung Army” name is how come?
In the Japanese army during World War II, the name “Kwantung Army” is often mentioned. For a long time, the Kwantung Army was considered to be the representative of the old Japanese army, and at its peak there were more than one million troops. So how did the name “Kwantung Army” come from, and then how did it not come from?So let’s take a look at that.It is said that the Japanese Kwantung Army during World War II was very strong. How did the name of the Kwantung Army come?About “kanto” this two word, the representatives in China and Japan, a region, in Japan, “kanto region” refers to the central state near an area of the Pacific Ocean, the geographical scope of roughly including Tokyo, kanagawa prefecture, gunma, saitama, chiba prefecture, ibaraki prefecture, 栃 wood county, a total of “the six counties”, in one of the three metropolitan circle in Japan Tokyo as the core,More than a third of Japanese live here, making it the most densely populated area in Japan;By contrast, “Kansai” refers to Osaka, Kyoto, Nara, etc.In China, the word “kwandong” is also very famous, such as the film and TV drama “Chuang Guan Dong”, which describes the story of hebei, Shandong and other places to make a living in northeast China during the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Then it is clearly northeast, but where does “Kwandong” refer to specifically?About in the pre-Qin and Qin and Han dynasties, the east of Hangu pass is generally called Guandong.By the Ming Dynasty, Guandong specifically referred to the area east of Shanhaiguan, the “first pass under heaven”, mainly including the present three provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liao. Because of the Great Wall and Shanhaiguan, the area northeast of Shanhaiguan was also called “Outer Pass”, and the corresponding central Plains was called “inner Pass”.It is also called “Guanli” (many old people in northeast China are used to calling shandong and other places “Hui Guanli”).And world war I, world war I, world war ii the Japanese kwantung army’s name, and Japan’s kanto region has nothing to do, is mainly refers to “the kanto” of China, the late qing dynasty, the Russian forces in northeast China, in 1889, Russia through customs DongZhou interim ruling rules, will have to force big concession to officially named “guan DongZhou”,Its top commander is Tsarist Pacific Fleet commander Vice Admiral Alexyev.In 1904, the Russo-Japanese War broke out, and the Japanese army defeated Tsarist Russia, and gained Russia’s main sphere of influence in northeast China. Japan adopted the name of Tsarist Russia’s “Kanto Prefecture”, and established the “Kanto Governorship”, and the governor was army General Yoshasa Oshima. In 1919, the “Kanto Governorship” was changed to “Kanto Hall”.The former War Department was renamed “Kwantung Army Headquarters”, and the Kwantung Army officially appeared at this time.The Kwantung Army, with more than a million men, was beaten twice by the Soviet Army:A dozen collapse, a dozen demise in 1919 of the kwantung army mainly has more than 12000 people, mainly for a rotating divisions and other garrison, and by 1937, the old Japanese troops began to surge in China, a large number of kwantung army forces increased to 5 divisions, however, then the mind a hot Japanese army commander decided to the Soviet “stir stuffy son”,As a result, in the Battle of Normenkham in 1939, the Japanese concentrated infantry assault but met the Soviet general Zhukov who wanted to experiment with tank and armored combat. After that, the Japanese were defeated and defeated, and there was no real mention of fighting the Soviet north again.In 1941, the Kwantung Army began to surge its troops to 16 divisions, including 7 Jia divisions (those with a designation of 20 or less:Divisions 1 divisions, composed of 8, 9, 10 divisions, divisions, composed of 12, 14 divisions), 11 of the kwantung army and now total force already has more than 70, ten thousand, to 1942, upgraded to kwantung army headquarters of the kwantung army command, and further expanded to 31 divisions, 13 brigade, total force has more than 1 million people., however, the kwantung army began to decline, after the glory began in 1943, Japanese troops fighting around the Pacific, constant started the main forces of the kwantung army is transferred away, in April 1945, kwantung army swept away by the hue of 20 divisions back to Japan to participate in the “battle”, just the kwantung army eight divisions, the total force of about 350000 people.After that, the German surrender, Japanese feel the Soviet could attack the Japanese troops in the northeastern region, so the kwantung army to expand, increased by 250000 of the Japanese army to enlist eight divisions, to August 1945, the Japanese kwantung army has 24 divisions, troops still has more than 70 ten thousand people, however, most divisions that are temporary expansion,The will to fight and combat effectiveness have declined sharply.From August 9, 1945, 1.5 million Soviet troops began to attack the Kwantung Army in the northeast, the seemingly strong Japanese army was in a rout. On August 15, Japan surrendered, and on August 19, the last commander of the Kwantung Army, General Yamada Yizan, surrendered to the Soviet Army. Of more than 700,000 Japanese troops, 83,000 were killed and nearly 600,000 were captured by the Soviet Army.In the second large-scale war with the Soviet Army, the Kwantung Army was directly defeated and destroyed.Hu from Junhejun:”Not spoil your child” of the Soviet flower of the “star” of old Japanese world war ii, believe that many people remember, he was an early we shot on the Huang Tuling, in fact, the Japanese kwantung army, also known as the “flower of the Japanese army,” appeared officially in 1945 to 1919, has a long period of time is very “arrogant”, on the eve of world war ii is a spent force kwantung army of capture,The Soviet Army, which did not “spoil children”, directly took nearly 600,000 kwantung Army captives to “work” in the frozen Siberia, and only 470,000 returned to Japan after many years.