Do you know the origin and custom of Lantern Festival?

2022-07-24 0 By

The Lantern Festival, also known as xiao Yue, Yuan Xi or Lantern Festival, falls on the 15th day of the first lunar month, which is the first important festival after the Spring Festival.Qiantang Quyou “Double Peony Lamp record” : “Every year yuan Evening, in the Ming state lantern five nights.All the scholars have a general view.”The 15th day of the first lunar month was called the Lantern Festival because the ancients called night xiao.The 15th day of the first lunar month is the night of the first full moon in a year. It is also the night when the earth returns to spring after the beginning of the New Year. Therefore, people celebrate it to celebrate the continuation of the New Year.The Lantern Festival is also called Shangyuan Festival.Shangyuan, contains the New Year’s first full moon night meaning.The origin of the Lantern Festival, “Miscellaneous Records at the Age of Age” records that this is to follow the age-old rules of Taoism.Taoism once called the 15th day of the first month of the year shangyuan Festival, the 15th day of July for the hungry Ghost festival, the 15th day of October for the xia Yuan Festival, collectively known as “three yuan”.At the end of the Han Dynasty, an important sect of Taoism, the Wudoumi Road, worships the gods of heaven, earth and water. It says that heaven officials bless, earth officials forgive SINS, and water officials forgive SINS. It also uses three yuan for three officials, saying that heaven officials are born on the 15th day of the first month, earth officials on the 15th day of July, and water officials on the 15th day of October.Thus, the 15th day of the first month is called Shangyuan Festival.Wu From the Southern Song Dynasty in the dream liang Lu said: “The first month on the fifteenth day of the evening festival, is the blessing of the day.”Lantern Festival custom is precisely because it is in a new point in time, people make full use of this special time stage to express their life wishes, is also the beginning of the New Year good wishes to realize.What are the customs of the Lantern Festival?Eating Yuanxiao on the 15th day of the first lunar month has a long history, as early as the Song Dynasty folk began to popular, sesame, sugar, bean paste, rose, jujube, and so on as stuffing.Lanterns can be traced back to the Han Dynasty (206 BD-220), when Emperor Mingdi introduced Buddhism. On the 15th day of the first lunar month, people would pay their respects to the sarira of Buddha. Lanterns were burned in palaces and temples to represent Buddha, which was later popular among the people.It was most prevalent in the Tang Dynasty. In the middle of the Tang Dynasty, lantern viewing was large and prosperous, and became one of the most popular days for ordinary people.Chinese Valentine’s Day in ancient times, ordinary women, especially young ladies or small family jade, are “three steps out of the door,” but the Lantern Festival can go out, even with her boyfriend.In ancient times, the Lantern Festival also provided men and women with an opportunity to get to know each other, but also achieved many stories.The so-called “walking sickness” is a national custom, but like most customs, there are slightly different variations across the country.”Walk all sick”, also known as “walk all sick”, “swim all sick”, “scattered all sick”, “bake all sick”, etc.Some places are also placed on January 16, women on that day to leave the housework, or to visit their parents, or take their children to the temple fair to enjoy lanterns, or go out to play.On the night of the Lantern Festival, women meet to travel together. They will cross the bridge when they see it. They think it can cure diseases and prolong life.In the Ming Dynasty, this custom had spread all over the north, and in the Qing Dynasty, “walking all kinds of diseases” had become the focus of women across the country.Zigu is the name of a goddess in legend.Zi Gu is a kind and poor girl in the folklore of Justice Town.On the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, Zi Gu died of poverty.The common people sympathized with her and remembered her, so the most traditional family in justice town had the custom of “welcoming Zi Gu on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month”.Zi Gu is also called Qi Gu, more north toilet gu, pit three gu.Ancient folk customs on the fifteenth day of the first month to meet the toilet god Zigu and sacrifice, divination sericulture, and occupy the masses.Legend has it that Zi Gu was a concubine, for the big woman jealous, the fifteenth day of the first month was killed toilet room, become toilet god.On this day, people use straw and cloth to tie up life-sized zigu’s portrait and worship her in the pigsty between toilets at night.This custom is popular in the north and south, as early as in the Southern and Northern Dynasties period recorded.